Pontiac. History. Part 3


Pontiac, high-spirited friend of American students, was originally conceived in GM as a cheap "appendage" to Oakland - one of the first stamps, amounting to General Motors. However, the Pontiac brand flashed back in 1893 in behalf of the company Pontiac Buggy, Edward Murphy, the post-carriages. The name was chosen by the name of the town Pontiac in Michigan, where the enterprise is located. In 1907 the company was renamed in Oakland, started producing cars.

Third January 1926 Pontiac Motor Division was allocated from Oakland, and the public with its affordable 6-cylinder model with a two-door and dors body. The emblem of the new brand was the leader of the tribe profile Huron-Ottawa Pontiac, in whose honor once, and was named the city.

They say this lovely Indian in the XVIII century took many scalps with rowdy British heads.

With the new model, and especially c its price at GM got to the point: already in 1928 sold 200 thousands "Pontiac". Alas, for the "parent" brand Oakland successes Pontiac had fatal consequences: in 1931 from the production of "Auckland» GM was forced to withdraw because of a raging depression customers consistently chose less expensive Pontiac.

The following years at Pontiac diligently polished design. By the mid 30's the buyer could choose a complete set with a new six-or eight-engine (as, for example, the Economy Eight). There was independent suspension and hydraulic brakes, and on models such as the Standard Six and DeLuxe Six, buyers could choose the nine variants the body. It is tempting to lower prices for "Pontiac", wavering between $ 585 and $ 710, were appreciated by the grim thirties.

The success of the coupe Pontiac Silver Streak in 1935 gave us new impetus, and soon the pre-crisis peak of sales was strongly overcome. In 1941, Pontiac came to 282 thousand cars sold. At the same time permanently entrenched and style of "Indian" - the rapidity and predatory stress on the radiator.

All of the fifties Pontiac regularly contributed to the flow of cruise mastadontov. On models appeared automatic transmission, body hardtop, power steering. However, the global breakthroughs firm has not done until the head of the design department of Pontiac was not torn fresh blood in the person of John De Loreana (John DeLorean), had just left Packard. And then it started this mess.

America fifties clearly had saved a respectable glamor something spontaneous, and advanced head like De Loreana and Lee Iacocca understood. With the advent of the 60's author and cultivator winged Detroit "Baroque" chief designer of General motors Harley Earl left his post - in styling a new era. Wind of change required to give a massive car speed, selfishness and sweeping lines - on the way were "baby boomers", the children of soldiers of the Second World, ready to double the demand. They yearned for a new car:

pontovuyu, but cheap, sporty, but the daily, a European, but American. Cars for two, young, well-fed, nepuganyh that place of freedom and love.

The answer to the social order embodied in a whole tribe of "Indians»: Tempest, Firebird and spiritual head of the gang - Coupe Pontiac GTO 1967. By the late 60's Pontiac was one of the three most powerful brands on sale in the U.S., along with Chevrolet and Ford. And though the true connoisseurs, not without reason like to make fun of pop "sports» GTO, this car is the happiness of tens of thousands of road bullies from Fargo to Arizona.

The rapidity, rapacity, and orientation on the wrong guys, these Indians were branded feature deloreanovskogo generation Pontiac, that like Hollywood 70: One of the most exciting racing movies of that time was a dizzying rally under the overpass subway, made Jean Hekmenom detective in "The French Connection" on Pontiac LeMans. "Breathing in the tail" on the popularity of the legendary Mustang, and before hooked on the same wave of youth, GTO was no less loved. Passing on an inheritance to the next generation, he survived the years and miraculously shone crumpled sides in the company of any suspicious persons 90 - from the merchant's stupidity of the movie "The Faculty" to the bald-headed savior of the world "XXx» (Pontiac GTO Vin Diesel clearly took a lot of James Bond car).

Everything is logical: what kid has not dreamed at least once to remove the scalp with the school principal.

Of course, the style of "Pontiac" new wave imprint of donors of the De Loreana, forty Mota, a player, a rebel, a dreamer. He himself in 1973 with the scandal left GM and later launched its own sports car production at their own firm. One of them was converted into Spielberg in "time machine" from "Back to the Future".

Grasping to gasoline seventies slowed Pontiac, but not for long. Already in 1984, the office was a pleasant surprise Autoworld advanced rear-Pontiac Fiero sports car with polymer body panels. Since that time, Pontiac had not given any religious predator. Last year he died, John De Lorean, it seemed, under the pen sverhuspeh "Pontiac" will not heal, but then flared up Pontiac Solstice: novelty in a flash built in a queue of young, amazing imagination of their own spirit, and making part if not the scalp, then at least with purse. Indians settle down, but do not surrender.
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Pontiac. History. Part 1


Pontiac History

In 1907, the Oakland Motor Car Co., predecessor to Pontiac Motor, is founded by Edward M. Murphy on August 28, 1907 in Pontiac, Michigan.

In 1909, General Motors purchases a half interest in Oakland Motor Car Co. on January 20, 1909. When its founder, Edward Murphy, passes away the following summer, his company comes under the full control of General Motors. In 1932, the Oakland name is dropped from the vehicle line and Pontiac becomes the name of the division.

In 1926, the first Pontiac car is introduced by Oakland. The 'Chief of the Sixes,' a 6-cylinder car, is launched at the 1926 New York Auto Show.

In 1932, Pontiac Motor Division is established, replacing Oakland.

B-O-P Sales Company is established, consolidating the wholesale sales forces of Buick, Oldsmobile, and Pontiac. It is disbanded the following year.

In 1937, Pontiac introduces the industry's first column-mounted gearshift.

Linden Division, Linden, NJ, is established to assemble Buicks, Oldsmobiles and Pontiacs closer to the points of sale in the eastern U.S.

In 1945, The Buick-Oldsmobile-Pontiac Assembly Division is organized. It later becomes General Motors Assembly Division (GMAD) in 1965.

In 1957, the Bonneville model, with Pontiac's first fuel injection engine, is introduced.

Chevrolet introduces the F-body Camaro as a 1967 model. The following January, Pontiac introduces the Firebird, its third line of cars, as a 1967 model.

In 1976, GM introduces its downsized Chevrolet, Pontiac, Oldsmobile, Buick and Cadillac full-size and luxury cars in September.

In 1979, GM introduces newly designed front-wheel-drive compact cars, the Buick Skylark, Chevrolet Citation, Oldsmobile Omega and Pontiac Phoenix X-body models.

In 1984, a new organizational structure for GM's North American Passenger Car Operations is formed. Two integrated car groups, Chevrolet, Pontiac, GM of Canada (C-P-C) and Buick, Oldsmobile, Cadillac (B-O-C), each have complete responsibility for their respective products, including engineering, manufacturing, assembly and marketing.

In 1988, GM introduces its 'GM10' family of newly redesigned midsize cars -- the Buick Regal, Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme, and Pontiac Grand Prix.

In 1989, four-door sedan versions of the 'GM 10' Pontiac Grand Prix and Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme are introduced.

The Pontiac Trans Sport and Oldsmobile Silhouette all-purpose vehicles debut. These models feature the largest plastic panels ever put on any vehicle.

In 1996, Pontiac and GMC marketing divisions are merged to form Pontiac-GMC Division.

In 2001, Pontiac celebrates its seventy-fifth anniversary.

General Motors announces that its Ste. Therese, Quebec plant, which builds the Chevrolet Camaro and Pontiac Firebird, will close in September 2002 in conjunction with discontinuation of the Camaro and Firebird models.

In 2004, GM announces plans to produce the sporty Pontiac Solstice roadster, first shown to the world at the 2002 North American International Auto Show, at its Wilmington, Del., assembly plant. The Solstice is to go on sale as a 2006 model year car.

Pontiac. History. Part 2


Started the company as such, with founded in 1893 by Edward M. Murphy in Pontiac firm "Pontiac Buggy". At first the company manufactured carriages.

In 1907 he published the first car company, and in November 1908, Edward Murphy, registers it as "Oakland Motor Car Company. In 1909, GM acquired the company. In 1926, "Oakland" and "Pontiac" are two different brands, and then the company becomes known as the "Pontiac Motor Division". In 1933, CEO Harry had Klinger, the company released updated models with 6-cylinder engine and equipped with independent suspension.

Issue 1935 coupe Pontiac Silver Streak («Pontiac Silver Streak", literally "Silver Flash") has surpassed all expectations and predictions proved so successful that it raised the question of expansion of the enterprise.

In 1953, first saw the light of models with a body "Hardtop". Auto companies from this time begin to be equipped with power steering. In 1958 he began pilot production of the engine with mechanical fuel injection system.

Construction Coupe Pontiac GTO in 1967 became a tradition for all cars of this type. These vehicles are very often emerged victorious during the Hollywood race. For the first time this coupe was released in 1967. In the same year began to be made sports model «Firebird», the same type with «Chevrolet Camaro».

In 1971 the company presented a compact model «Ventura».

After 2, the production model of «Grand Am». The new generation model was presented in Detroit in January 1998. Available in two variants of the body - four-door sedan and two-door coupe.

In 1978 - 1980, respectively, during the world energy crisis, the company General Motors decided to produce fuel-efficient vehicles with low fuel consumption. As a result, in 1984 left the assembly line model of the Pontiac Fiero, sports coupe ("Pontiac Fiero").

Pontiac Bonneville, a car with front-wheel drive, transverse engine layout, luxury. It was first presented in autumn 1986, a new generation - in February 1999.

Firebird, a sports car type, was first introduced in December 1992. Made with two different bodies - three-door coupe and two-door convertible.

In the early 1990's is a smooth transition to the production of new front-wheel models. In 1995, the debut of «Sunfire». In 1996 started production of the second generation OLA «Trans Sport».

In 2000 at an exhibition in Detroit was a model of Piranha Concept - a four-Front wheel drive coupe, sliding door hardware. Rear door leaned back, turning the Piranha in the sport pickup truck.

"Pontiac", having lost its administrative and legal autonomy, still played a special role in the Group General Motors: office "Pontiac" was positioned as "youth". The company within the group still continued to produce sports cars. Continued to be produced such famous models as the Sunfire, Grand Am, Grand Prix, Bonneville and Trans Sport. Embedded in production by 2000 Aztek was awarded the title "the Most ugly" car world according to British newspaper The Sun [1].

April 24, 2009 GM officially announced the discontinuation of the car «Pontiac» and the elimination of trade mark by the year 2010 [2] [3].

November 25, 2009 the assembly line in the village of Orion, Mich., went past a car with these nameplates - Pontiac G6 sedan

Pontiac Solstice. History

Solstice - New for the separation of Pontiac car, but he had already debuted as a concept car in Detroit two years ago and subsequently received in the U.S. and beyond good reviews in the press. That is what prompted the leadership of General Motors to continue the "series" called the Pontiac Solstice.

The car is built on the platform Carr. At the Auto Show in Detroit, GM introduced two more vehicles, based on the same platform - Concept Chevrolet Nomad and Saturn Curve. Solstice - a small, moderately "athletic" and very attractive 2-seater roadster, designed by designers and engineers from the U.S., UK, Sweden and Italy (Pininfarina). Under his folding upwards (with headlights) hood housed 170-hp 2.4-liter
4-cylinder engine and manual 5-speed gearbox.

The car looks like a toy, but that the essence of his sport does not become less significant. To emphasize its designers have used several classical solutions: fairings for the seat backs, recessed devices, psevdosportivnye seat relative minimalism in interior design, 18-inch kolesa.Solstice will go on sale next year as the model 2009 and its price will about 20 thousand dollars.